Motorcycle braking systems, commonly categorized as drum and disc brakes, harbor misconceptions; disc brakes aren’t necessarily superior to drum brakes. Several factors, including road conditions, vehicle weight, and the center of gravity, impact braking effectiveness. This article aims to offer valuable tips for leveraging motorcycle brakes effectively.
Understanding Brake Types
Differentiating between brake types is crucial. For instance, a “three-disc brakes seven-drum” classification indicates varying strengths required for different brakes. Understanding these distinctions is vital; for instance, applying drum brake habits to disc brakes can lead to locking and overturning.
Vehicle center of gravity plays a pivotal role in braking force. For instance, rear braking force should surpass front brakes in rear-centered vehicles like cruisers. Conversely, vehicles with forward weight distribution like road racers prioritize front brake strength.
Drum vs. Disc Brakes
Drum brakes, traditional and cost-effective, boast decent braking efficacy. However, they suffer from poor heat dissipation, challenging debris removal, and complicated part replacement.
In contrast, disc brakes offer superior braking performance, lighter operation, and faster heat dissipation. Yet, they’re costlier due to intricate components. Disc brakes demand higher road surface standards and risk damage in off-road environments.
Front or Rear Braking?
Effective braking involves combining front and rear brakes. While 70% of the braking force originates from the front brake, augmenting it with the rear brake ensures effective short-distance emergency braking.
Using Gears while Braking
Backing out of gear post-braking, if possible, aids in deceleration. Shifting to first gear before each stop or during emergencies helps prevent shift errors.
Engine Braking during Emergency
Engine braking prioritizes the rear wheels, enhancing braking power. While simpler than backing off gears, it requires practice for seamless execution.
Managing Locking Brakes without ABS
If your motorcycle lacks ABS, managing rear brake lockups involves releasing the brake and slowly reapplying pressure. For front brake lockups, gently release the brakes, allow the front wheel to regain stability, and reapply brake force steadily.
Key Insights into Braking
- Front brakes trump rear brakes in speed and safety.
- Dual-wheel braking is quicker than single-wheel braking.
- Dry braking surpasses wet braking.
- Tarmac is preferable over concrete.
- Avoid point braking and braking in curves for safety.
Understanding and applying these brake-specific tips can significantly enhance motorcycle safety and handling. For more details on brakes, explore information on e-bike brake pads.